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History of Embraer

Embraer S.A. is a multinational company founded in São José dos Campos, São Paulo. Today Embraer is one of the leading manufacturers of civil, military and agricultural aircraft. Its history can be traced back to 19th of August 1969, when the Brazilian government established the company under the name Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica (Embraer). In the early days the production was focused only on one model aircraft, the medium-sized Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante with a capacity up to 21 passengers. The development of the model started in 1965 at the Brazilian Ministry of Aeronautics as Project IPD-6504. The maiden flight of Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante commenced on 22nd of October 1968, several months before the official inauguration of the company.

Embraer 195-E2, tail HB-AZJ.

In the 1970’s, Embraer introduced two new models for the needs of the military, Embraer AT-26 Xavante and Embraer EMB 312 Tucano. These were the days, when the company signed a partnership agreement to produce Piper aircraft under license. Since 1974 around 2,500 Pipers were produced in the factories of Embraer for the duration of the whole program. In the early 1980s, another passenger model was developed and produced at Embraer, the 30-seat passenger turboprop Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia. The 1990s were marked by a whole new family of slightly larger passenger aircraft, the ERJ family, with Embraer ERJ 135, 140 and 145 models. Later in 2000s, the aircraft were gradually enlarged to accommodate between 60 and 120 passengers with the E-Jet family models Embraer E-Jet 170, 175, 190 and 195. In 2010s, Embraer introduced a new family of aircraft, E-Jet E2, with even larger passenger capacity (between 80 and 140 seats). This is the current family of aircraft with the models Embraer 175-E2, 190-E2 and 195-E2.

In the 2020s Embraer grew to the world’s 3rd largest commercial airplane manufacturer with more than 18,000 employees and around 8,000 jets delivered.

Radiolocation of active aircraft

The active Embraer aircraft are spotted through an advanced radiolocation. Successful airframe locks and identification are plotted for each month in a table format.

2023: February  •  March  •  April  •  May  •  June  •  July  •  August  •  September  •  October  •  November  •  December
2024: January  • February  •  March

Aircraft models

The following presents comprehensive list of Embraer models, the numbers build and some basic information of the aircraft:

ModelTypeNumbers built
Embraer EMB 110/111 Bandeirante (complete list)15-21 passenger twin-turboprop503
Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia (complete list)30 passenger twin-turboprop359
Embraer ERJ 135 (complete list)37 passenger twin-turbofan126
Embraer ERJ 140 (complete list)44 passenger twin-turbofan75
Embraer ERJ 145 (complete list)50 passenger twin-turbofan740
Embraer 170 (complete list)66-78 passenger twin-jet199
Embraer 175 (complete list)76-88 passenger twin-jet740
Embraer 190 (complete list)96-114 passenger twin-jet602
Embraer 195 (complete list)100-124 passenger twin-jet172
Embraer 175-E2 (complete list)80-90 passenger twin-jet1
Embraer 190-E2 (complete list)97-114 passenger twin-jet23
Embraer 195-E2 (complete list)120-146 passenger twin-jet66
Embraer Legacy 450/Praetor 500 (complete list)business twin-turbofan106
Embraer Legacy 500/Praetor 600 (complete list)business twin-turbofan164
Embraer Legacy 600/650 (complete list)business twin-turbofan290
Embraer Phenom 100 (complete list)4-7 passenger business twin-turbofan424
Embraer Phenom 300 (complete list)11 passenger business twin-turbofan735
Embraer Lineage 1000 (complete list)19 passenger business twin-turbofan29
Embraer EMB 121 Xingu (complete list)utility military twin-turboprop107
Embraer EMB 312 Tucanotwo-seat military trainer single-turboprop624
Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucanomilitary light attack single-turboprob260
Embraer EMB 326 Xavantetwo-seat military jet trainer182
Embraer C-390 Millenniummedium transport military twin-jet9
Embraer R-99airborne early warning and control, military twin-turbofan18
Embraer MFT-LFtrainer military1
Embraer EMB 202 Ipanemaagricultural single piston-engined1500
Embraer/FMA CBA 123 Vector19 passenger twin-turboprop2
Embraer Senecabusiness twin piston-engined??
Embraer Corisco/Tupiutility single piston-engined??
Embraer Carioca/Minuano/Sertanejopersonal single piston-engined??
Embraer Navajoutility twin piston-engined??